After the chicks are out of their shells and bought back, the temperature should be controlled within 34-35°C in the first week, and drop by 2°C every week from the second week until the dewarming stops in the sixth week.
Most chickens can be heated in a brooding room, and a coal stove is used indoors, but the soot is discharged outdoors using iron pipes. In order to ensure the accuracy of the temperature, in addition to checking the condition of the chicks, a thermometer should be hung in the room, and the feces should be removed together.
In the first week of brooding, 24 hours of light is required to ensure that the chicks can eat and drink day and night to promote growth and development, and then reduce by 2 hours per week until the lights are not turned on at night. Lighting and heat preservation can be combined, carton brooding, if the temperature is not good, you can add boiling water, wrap it in a container with cloth, and place it in the box for heating.
From 1 to 14 days old, 50 to 60 pigs/square meter, from 15 to 21 days old, 35 to 40 pigs/square meter, from 21 to 44 days old, 25 pigs/square meter, and from 60 days old to 12 pigs/square meter. Dewarmed chicks can be raised in cages, flat or pastured, as long as the density does not exceed the above standards.
4. Drinking water:
The chicks can be fed with water 24 hours after hatching. The brooding material is placed in the feeding bucket to let it eat at ease, and water is placed in the water cup at the same time. For the first 20 days of the brood, drink cold water, and then drink well water or tap water.
1. Chicken Cage:
The advantages of transferring the de-warmed chickens to the adult chicken cages are that the space can be fully utilized, the chickens do not come into contact with the feces, the disease is less, and it is easy to catch the chickens and reduce the labor intensity of the breeders. The disadvantage is that the chickens raised for a long time have a greater stress response, and the breasts and legs of the chickens may show lesions.
Flat raising can be divided into online flat raising and ground flat raising. Online flat raising is the same as cage raising, but chickens have a large amount of activity and are not easy to get sick. Of course, the cost is higher. Ground-level cultivation is to place wheat straw, chaff, rapeseed husks and other bedding materials on the cement floor, and raise the chickens on it. The amount of litter is large, and the litter does not need to be replaced. The disadvantage is that the chickens directly defecate on the litter, which can easily induce some diseases.
In the morning, the chickens can be put outdoors, let them withstand sunlight, contact the soil, and find some mineral feed and insects at the same time, and drive the chickens back to the house at noon and night to supplement feed. The advantage of this method is to let the chickens return to nature. , The meat quality of chicken is very good, and the price is high. The disadvantage is that the demand is large, so the breeding plan is limited. This method is suitable for farmers to raise a small amount of free-range.
1. Feeding and feeding:
In the production time, a small amount of repeated methods is generally used, so the feeding period is not less than 5 times a day during the brooding period, and the quantity of each feeding should not be too much. After the chicken is finished eating, the feeding bucket is left empty for a period of time before adding the next feeding.
2. Material change:
There should be a transition when changing the chicken feed, and it generally takes three days to complete the process. Feed 70% raw chicken feed and 30% new chicken feed on the first day, feed 50% raw chicken feed and 50% new chicken feed on the second day, and feed 30% raw chicken feed and 70% new chicken feed on the third day. Feed new chicken feed in full for 4 days.
3. Group feeding:
Finally, it is necessary to carry out strong and weak grouping and male and female group feeding. For males, increase the thickness of the litter and improve the protein and lysine levels of the diet. The growth rate of roosters is fast, and the requirements for feed nutrition are higher. The purpose of increasing nutrition is to meet their needs so that they can be marketed in advance.
4. Coop ventilation:
The ventilation conditions of the chicken house are good, especially in summer, it is necessary to create conditions to make the chicken house have convective wind. Proper ventilation is required even in winter to keep the air in the house fresh. The chicken house with good ventilation and ventilation will not feel stuffy, dazzling, or pungent after people enter.
5. Proper density:
If the density is unreasonable, even if other feeding and management work is done well, it will be difficult to breed high-yielding flocks. In the case of flat rearing during the breeding period, the appropriate density per square meter is 8 to 10 at 7 to 12 weeks old, 8 to 6 at 13 to 16 weeks old, and 6 to 4 at 17 to 20 weeks old.
6. Reduce stress:
Daily processing operations should be strictly carried out in accordance with the operating procedures, and try to avoid the disturbance of external adverse factors. Don’t be rude when catching chickens. Be cautious when vaccinating. Do not suddenly appear in front of the flocks wearing brightly colored clothes to prevent the flocks from blowing up and affecting the normal growth and development of the flocks.
Post time: Mar-16-2022